Battle of Hattin

The Battle of the Horns of Hattin was prefigured in the Old Testament by the story of the Philistines defeating the Israelites in battle and taking the Ark. This story comes from the Book of 1 Kings chapter 4. For a video that gives the Scriptural and historical references, see the below video at the bottom of this page. Directly below, select the corresponding numbered tabs for a summary of the parallels.

Old Testament

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New Testament

Battle With a Sworn Enemy

The Israelites set out to battle with the Philistines, who were pressing further and further into the Israelites territory. In the Bible, the Philistines were a constant threat to the Israelites and many campaigns were made against them.

A Stunning Defeat

The Israelites suffered a stunning defeat at the hands of the Philistines were 30,000 Israelites fell in a single day.

Death of the Clerics

Eli, the high priest was the rightful caretaker of the Ark of the Covenant. However, he was too old and weak to accompany the ark into battle. His two priest sons went with the Ark instead, and they were both killed in the battle.

Holy Object is Taken

The Israelites were badly defeated, and the Philistines confiscated the most holy object of the Israelites, the Ark of the Covenant, which devastated their moral.

Instant Death of the High Priest

Upon hearing the news of the stunning defeat of the Israelites, and the confiscation of the Ark of the Covenant, the high priest Eli died suddenly and on the spot.

Battle With a Sworn Enemy

The Crusaders set out to battle with the Muslims, who were strengthening their position against the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Muslims were a constant threat to Christian Medieval Europe and many Crusades were made against them.

A Stunning Defeat

The Crusaders started their battle with 20,000 men. After the battle nearly all the men were either killed or captured by the Muslims. The loss of their main fighting force led to the loss of the entire Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Death of the Clerics

The Patriarch Heraclius was the rightful caretaker of the relic of the True Cross, however, he was ailing and weak, and couldn’t accompany the relic into battle. The Bishop of Acre went with the relic instead, and he was killed in the battle.

Holy Object is Taken

The Crusaders were badly defeated, and the Muslims confiscated the most holy relic of the Christians, the True Cross, which was devastating news to all of Christendom.

Instant Death of the High Priest

Upon hearing the news of the stunning defeat of the Crusaders, and the confiscation of the relic of the True Cross, Pope Urban III instantly died of shock.


Watch the full length video below for Scriptural and historical references, and for the complete context of the parallels displayed above.