Our Lady of Guadalupe

Our Lady of Guadalupe was prefigured in the Old Testament by the story of Korah’s rebellion, the plague and Aaron’s miraculous blossoming staff. These stories come from the Book of Numbers, chapters 16 and 17. For a video that gives the Scriptural and historical references, see the below video at the bottom of this page. Directly below, select the corresponding numbered tabs for a summary of the parallels.

Old Testament

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New Testament

Miraculous Blossoming Flowers

In the Book of Numbers, the some Israelites, led by a man named Korah, reject Moses and Aaron as their authority.  The Israelites accuse Moses and Aaron of killing Korah.  To prove that Moses and Aaron are God’s representatives, Moses tells each of the 12 tribes of Israel to place a rod in the presence of the Ark, overnight.  The next day, Aaron’s rod blossomed flowers overnight, thus proving that Moses and Aaron were God’s chosen representatives.

God Chooses, Men Don’t Choose

Korah rejects Moses and Aaron as their leaders, and accuses them of setting themselves over the children of Israel. Israel is shown by the blossoming staff of Aaron that God chooses their leaders, not men. After the sign from God, Israel submits to the authority of Moses and Aaron.

The Raging Plague

In the Old Testament, the obstinate behavior and lack of Faith of the children of Israel caused a plague that was sent by God. It raged through the camps of the Israelites causing massive death in a very short period of time. The plague was stopped by Aaron, who interceded on behalf of the people. Aaron’s prayer ended the plague.

A Perpetual Sign

In the Old Testament, God was very upset with the complaining of the Israelites, and their lack of Faith and trust. After the miracle of Aaron’s blossoming staff, God instructed Moses to put the rod in the Ark of the Covenant as a token against a rebellious nation, and a reminder that they have to stop their complaining lest the die!

Into the Fires of Hell

Korah and his followers rejected the God given authority of Moses and Aaron over the children of Israel. God responded by opening up the Earth under Korah’s feet, as he was swallowed into Hell. The fear of God’s power and His punishments, along with the sign of the flowering rod, kept the other Israelites from rejecting Moses and Aaron as God’s authority over them.

Approaching the Ark

In the Old Testament, at the very end of Numbers chapter 17, the Israelites say that they are fearful to approach the Ark of the Covenant, lest they will die!

Miraculous Blossoming Flowers

Our Lady of Guadalupe instructs Juan Diego to climb Tepeyac hill and pick Roses which had also miraculously blossomed there overnight. The Lady tells Juan Diego to bring back the flowers into Her presence. The roses are a sign to the Bishop, and to all that Juan Diego is God’s chosen representative.

God Chooses, Men Don’t Choose

The Aztecs reject the Church, Her Bishops and Priests as their authority. They imagine that the Church is setting itself up over the Aztec people. The Aztecs and other Indians, are shown by the roses and Juan’s cloak, that God chooses and gives authority, not men. After the sign from God, the Indians convert to the Catholic Faith in vast numbers.

The Raging Plague

In 1520, Hernan Cortes and the Spanish inadvertently brought with them to Mexico the small pox virus. The Aztecs, without immunity to the virus, were ravaged by it. In a very short period of time, massive amounts of Aztecs died from the plague. A short 7 years after the Apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe, and during the 10 year period that 9 million Indians converted to the Catholic Faith, the small pox plague ended, and wasn’t seen in Mexico again for about 80 years. Our Lady’s intercession ended the plague and She also cured Juan Diego’s uncle, Juan Bernadino.

A Perpetual Sign

The Aztecs and Spanish had much to complain about. There was disease, abuse, war, poverty and oppression. After the miracle of the roses, there was a miraculous image imprinted on Juan Diego’s cloak. This token of Juan’s cloak has been miraculously preserved for almost 500 years as a perpetual sign. Our Lady of Guadalupe asked everyone to come to her at this place where She will listen to their complaints and heal their sorrows because She is their merciful Mother.

Into the Fires of Hell

The Church has definitively taught that there is no salvation outside the Church. In rejecting the authority of the Bishop and priests, the Aztecs were putting their souls in extreme danger. Indeed, they were living in a kind of hell, as children had to be given for  human sacrifice in the Aztec temple ritual. However, the compassion and invitation of Our Lady of Guadalupe, along with the miraculous sign from Heaven, caused 9 million Indians to convert in the next 10 years.

Approaching the Ark

Our Lady invites all to come before her. She doesn’t want them to be afraid, and indeed, she has promised to listen to them, give them her compassion and heal their troubles.


Watch the full length video below for Scriptural and historical references, and for the complete context of the parallels displayed above.